Many factors coincided for this route to have such relevant monuments, the first and maybe the most important, is related to the famous mining route that was established between Cusco and the Andean plateau.
his route already existed in the Incas Times. It was one of the trails that connected the capital of the Empire with the Qontisuyo Region. This is taken in advantage during the colonial times, because of a strong commercial link due to the exploitation of Silver in Potosi.
The big amount of riches extracted from the Andes plateau leads way to the organization of new towns so that the tax payment is done with more control on behalf of the Viceroyalty and also better political, economic and religious control. That is how the towns of Andahuaylillas and Huaro emerge. Apart from a commercial route, the Silver Route becomes also the path of the evangelizers that will take a world of new ideas to these new towns and place them in the spirit of their citizens through religious art.
Once the path is outside the city going south, it will show a diversity of surprises related to different cultural tourism areas. It will go through different towns, each one with a gastronomic specialty to offer. In Saylla you will find the famous pork Chicharrones (Roast suckling pig), in Tipon the peculiar flavor of roast Guinea pig, in Oropesa the huge sweet bread called Chutas and in Lucre the well-known Duck with Rice.
If you wish, you can also visit some of the most famous pre-Colombian complexes from the region. The Tipon archaeological complex, in the district of Oropesa, is one of the best samples of the Incas hydraulic management, a wonder of the civil engineering. Very close to the Lucre settlement, are located the Piquillacta archeological remains. It was one of the administrative and cult centers from the Wari culture. With a big amount of enclosures, walls that rise to 12 meters and highly interesting construction system, Piquillacta is one of the best examples of early Wari urban planning.
The trip is done among mountain ranges, going through Cusco valley and towards the Vilcanota mountain range. If the day allows it, you can appreciate the powerful Ausangate snow-capped mountain. Its white peaks shine much more under the winter sun.
On the way, you can see the small plots of land devoted to potato or corn crops and farming area with citizens looking for pastures for their animals. On the way you can also see the Huacarpay Lake very close to the Lucre town. At the end of the journey in the Chapel of Canicunca we will find another small lake in the Urcos town, frequently visited on weekends by Cusco citizens.
Towns in this Andes area are very similar in the citizens’ every day, you can see a few people on the streets because men go to work the land or to look after their animals and the women stay taking care of their homes. Children and teenagers go to school every day and in the afternoon they participate in some parish activities.